Balkan heritage projects 2013:
APOLLONIA PONTICA EXCAVATION PROJECT
Project type: field school (excavations)
THE PROJECT IS SUITABLE FOR BOTH BEGINNERS AND ADVANCED PARTICIPANTS IN FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY!
Site/s: Sector of the the sacred precinct (temenos) of the ancient city of Apollonia Pontica on St. Kirik Island, Sozopol, Bulgaria.
Period(s) of occupation: Archaic and Classical Greek and Early Byzantine (seventh - fifth century BC and fifth - seventh century AD)
The Nearest Air Terminals: Burgas airport (45 km), Varna airport (160 km). Don't forget checking the low cost flight options!
Travel/access to the site: Sozopol, Bulgaria is a small town but very popular tourist destination on the Black sea coast. Bus lines connect the city with Burgas and Sofia (the Bulgarian capital). A direct pick-up transfer to Sozopol may be arranged upon request from Burgas and Varna. The transfer's price may vary from 20 to 100 EUR depending on the number of passengers and the distance. Ask for details!
Description: Despite being one of the largest and richest Ancient Greek colonies in the Black sea region, Apollonia Pontica (present-day Sozopol, Bulgria) was famous in Antiquity because of the colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis. According to Pliny the Elder (Pliny 34.29) and Strabo (Strabo, 7.319) the 13-meter high bronze sculpture cost 500 Talents. It was raised in the fifth century BC in/in front of the temple dedicated to Apollo Ietros (the Healer) - patron deity of Apollonia Pontica. In 72 BC the Romans under Marcus Lucullus sacked the city and the colossal sculpture was transported to Rome as a trophy. It was exhibited for several centuries on the Capitoline Hill. During the Early Christian period it was lost - probably destroyed as many other pagan artefacts were.
Epigraphic sources mention that the temple of Apollo was situated on an island, identified by most of the scholars with St. Kirik Island - the closest one to the ancient city. However, until recently there was no archaeological evidence suggesting where the temple was situated.
The tiny island of St. Kirik is connected with the mainland and the Old Town Quarter of Sozopol by a short and narrow breakwater (built in 1927). Its name originates from the medieval monastery dedicated to St. Kirik and St.Yulita (St. Cyricus and his mother St. Julitta) that once existed there. The first archaeological survey on the island was conducted in 1904 by the French consul and scholar L. Degrand. The results from the excavations were never published and many precious artefacts from Archaic and Classical Greek period found there were transported to France and exhibited in the Louvre. For approximately 100 years after that the territory of St. Kirik Island was used as a military zone by the Bulgarian Ministry of Defence. In 2005 the island was demilitarized and in 2009 the Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team lead by Dr. Krastina Panayotova restarted the excavations. For the last years the team unearthed there:
The great discovery convinced the Bulgarian Government to declare the island a cultural heritage sight and designate some of the abandoned military buildings to be turned into a museum. After the surrounding area is excavated, of course.
Season 2013 envisions excavations at the top of the island, in the area of the Archaic and Classic Greek and Hellenistic temples, Ancient Greek Copper Foundry and the Early Christian basilica, where the excavations in 2012 took place. The results from season 2012 were quite exciting and included:
Come and help the project team reveal the secrets of the forgotten temple of Apollo! Two field school sessions of the project are available in 2013 - each includes the following three modules: fieldwork including maintaining a field journal on a daily basis, filling out context sheets and labels, drawing an elevation plan/a ground plan/a cross-section, 3D positioning of finds, taking coordinates with a level device, and taking photographs at the site; lectures, workshops and field trainings in Classic and Field Archaeology as well as Finds processing and documentation and excursions to archaeological and cultural sites in Sozopol and Nesebar (UNESCO World Heritage Site) as well as to some beautiful Black sea beaches and popular resorts (refer to the Course description and Field school agenda!).
Participants, who join the two project sessions are going to have different schedule during the second session, including:
All participants will receive:
For details please read the BHFS Regulations for obtaining ToR!
Archaeological and historical context: Apollonia Pontica is one of the most ancient towns on the Western Black Sea coast. The city, founded by Miletian colonists around 610 BC, was named Apollonia Pontica, in honour of the patron deity of Miletus – Apollo. The Ancient authors identify the philosopher named Anaximander as the founder of the city. It became an autonomous and strong democratic polis and important trade center between Ancient Greece and Thrace. Thanks to its strong navy and naturally protected harbors, Apollonia kept control of the major merchant road along the Western Black Sea Coast called Via Pontica for several centuries. The city preserved its independence during the campaigns of Phillip II of Macedon (342-339 BC) and Alexander the Great (335 BC) but in 72 BC it was conquered, pillaged and burned by the Roman legions of Marcus Lucullus. The victors took the most prized trophy to Rome: the statue of Apollo. The city succeeded in restoring its former glory and was known in the Roman World as Apollonia Magna (Great Apollonia). Following the Christian mainstream tradition, its name was changed to Sozopol in the 4th century AD. Despite the damage, it survived the period of the Great Migration of People (4-7 century AD) and entered the Middle ages as a focal point of long-lasting Byzantine-Bulgarian conflicts.
Affiliation: Balkan Heritage Field School/Foundation, Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team, Archaeological Museum of Sozopol, New Bulgarian University (Bulgaria)
Dig Director: Krastina Panayotova, PhD in Archaeology, Associated Professor at the Department of Classic Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
Deputy Dig Director and Chief Instructor: Teodora Bogdanova, PhD student at the Department of Classic Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
Project Coordinator: Nayden Prahov, Program Director of Balkan Heritage Foundation, PhD student, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria.
Season dates: 3 August - 1 September, 2013
Field school session 1: 3 - 17 August, 2013
Field school session 2: 18 August - 1 September, 2013
Application Deadlines: Field school session 1: 1 July 2013; Field school session 2: 15 July 2013
Minimum length of stay for volunteers: 1 session (two weeks)
Minimum age: 18
Number of field school places available: Maximum 35
BHFS Lecturers, Instructors and Trainers:
Lectures, workshops and field trainings:
Designing of archaeological research
Field and graphic documentation
Historical and cultural context of the site
Room and Board arrangements: In à nice hotel in the central part of the town, close to the beaches, the Old Town Quarter, the Archaeological Museum and the archaeological site. In comfortable rooms (with two to three beds, bathrooms with WC and shower), equipped with air-conditioning and TV. Wi-Fi is available on the first floor of the hotel. Single rooms are available upon request for an additional fee of 200 EUR per project session. Three meals per day are covered by the admission fee. Requests for vegetarian food are accepted!
Free time: Guided visits around the towns of Sozopol and Nesebar (UNESCO World Heritage Site) will be organized for all field school participants. During the siesta and free time field school participants will be able to visit the town beaches and enjoy the town's ambiance. During the summer Sozopol offers a lot of opportunities for sport and entertainment. Look-up at the suggested travel ideas before/after the field school (not included in the project package and not covered by the admission fee)!
The Admission fee includes educational and fieldwork activities, full-board accommodation (hotel + 3 meals per day), tools, materials, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees, Project handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance and administrative costs.
EARLY REGISTRATION BY APRIL 1st, 2013:
The Early bird admission fee for 1 project session is 1259 EUR (app.1599 USD Check current exchange rates!).
The Early bird admission fee for 2 project sessions is 2518 EUR (app. 3229 USD. Check current exchange rates!
REGISTRATION AFTER APRIL 1st, 2013
The regular admission fee for 1 project session is 1399 EUR (app.1799 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
The regular admission fee for 2 project sessions is 2658 EUR / app. 3419 USD. (Includes 5% discount for participation in 2 sessions). Check current exchange rates!
DISCOUNTS OFF THE REGULAR ADMISSION FEE:
Admission fee transfer options (for further information contact Admissions Office at email@example.com):
NOTE, 5% OF EVERY ADMISSION FEE FOR THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS THE BALKAN HERITAGE PROTECTION FUND’S ACTIVITIES!