BALKAN HERITAGE FIELD SCHOOL PROJECT (COURSE) 2014:
APOLLONIA PONTICA EXCAVATION PROJECT
Project type: field school (excavations). THE VARIETY OF ACTIVITIES AND TEAM FLEXIBILITY MAKE THIS PROJECT SUITABLE FOR EITHER BEGINNERS OR ADVANCED IN FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN EVEN MORE COMPREHENISVE EXPERIENCE WITH CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY, PLEASE SEE ALSO THE ANCIENT GREEK PACK AND THE ANCIENT GREEK AND ROMAN PACK (EACH COMBINING TWO DIFFERENT BALKAN HERITAGE FIELD SCHOOL PROJECTS)!
IF YOU ARE A PROJECT ALUMNI YOU CAN APPLY FOR ADMISSION IN THE SAME PROJECT IN 2014 BENEFITTING FROM THE NEW BHFS DISCOUNT POLICY PROVIDING 45% DISCOUNT OFF THE REGULAR ADMISSION FEE (See the admission fees below at the bottom of this page!).
Site/s: Apollonia Pontica - sector of the the ancient city's sacred precinct (temenos) located on St. Kirik Island, Sozopol, Bulgaria.
Period(s) of occupation: Archaic and Classical Greek and Early Byzantine (seventh - fifth century BC and fifth - seventh century AD)
Project venue: the picturesque, small Black Sea coastal town of Sozopol, Bulgaria is a popular summer destination for tourists.
The Nearest Air Terminals: Burgas airport (45 km), Varna airport (160 km). Don't forget checking the low cost flight options! If participants arrive at the one of these airports, a transfer to Sozopol may be arranged by request (Please, specify this in your application form!). Individual or group transfers' price may vary depending on both distance and number of passengers from 20 to 100 EUR. Ask for details!
How to get there? Bus lines connect Sozopol with Burgas and Sofia (the Bulgarian capital) and fast ferry lines connect it with Varna and Nesebar.
THE FIELD SCHOOL
Field school session 1: 29 June - 13 July, 2014
Field school session 2: 14 July - 28 July, 2014
Field School Session 3 (Session 1 Extended): 14 July - 20 July, 2014
For sessions 1, 1+2 and 3: 15 May 2014;
For session 2: 1 June 2014.
Minimum length of stay for volunteers: 1 session (two weeks)
Minimum age: 18
Number of field school places available: Maximum 35
Project language: English
Experience required: No
Special requirements: The project is not recommended for individuals with solar allergies or other special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. The average summer temperatures in the area are 25-35 C or higher. All participants should bring clothes and cosmetics suitable for hot and sunny weather. Bear in mind that chilly and windy days are very rare but not uncommon. All participants are expected to get prepared for the dig by reading (at least) the BHFS handbook chapter about archaeological excavation techniques and methods (the BHFS e-handbook will be sent by e-mail to all registered students before the beginning of the project)! Participants will use the tools and equipment available at the site and are not expected to bring any additional equipment.
The Site: Apollonia Pontica (present-day Sozopol, Bulgria) is one of the most ancient towns on the Western Black Sea coast. The city, founded by Miletian colonists around 610 BC, was named Apollonia Pontica, in honour of the patron deity of Miletus - Apollo. The Ancient authors identify the philosopher named Anaximander as the founder of the city. It became an autonomous and strong democratic polis and important trade center between Ancient Greece and Thrace. Thanks to its strong navy and naturally protected harbors, Apollonia kept control of the major merchant road along the Western Black Sea Coast, called Via Pontica, for several centuries. The city preserved its independence during the campaigns of Phillip II of Macedon (342-339 BC) and Alexander the Great (335 BC) but in 72 BC it was conquered, pillaged and burned by the Roman legions of Marcus Lucullus. The city succeeded in restoring its former glory and was known in the Roman World as Apollonia Magna (Great Apollonia). Following the Christian mainstream tradition, its name was changed to Sozopol in the 4th century AD. Despite the damage, it survived the period of the Great Migration of People (4-7 century AD) and entered the Middle ages as a focal point of long-lasting Byzantine-Bulgarian conflicts.
Despite being one of the largest and richest Ancient Greek colonies in the Black sea region, Apollonia Pontica was famous in Antiquity because of the colossal statue of Apollo by the notorious Greek sculptor Calamis. According to Pliny the Elder (Pliny 34.29) and Strabo (Strabo, 7.319) the 13-meter high bronze sculpture cost 500 Talents. It was raised in the fifth century BC in front of the temple dedicated to Apollo Ietros (the Healer) - patron deity of Apollonia Pontica. In 72 BC the Romans under Marcus Lucullus sacked the city and the colossal sculpture was transported to Rome as a trophy. It was exhibited for several centuries on the Capitoline Hill. During the Early Christian period it was lost - probably destroyed as many other pagan artefacts were.
Epigraphic sources mention that the temple of Apollo was situated on an island, identified by most of the scholars with St. Kirik Island - the closest one to the ancient city. However, until recently there was no archaeological evidence suggesting where the temple was situated.
The tiny island of St. Kirik is connected with the mainland and the Old Town Quarter of Sozopol by a short and narrow breakwater (built in 1927). Its name originates from the medieval monastery dedicated to Sv. Kirik and Sv.Yulita (St. Cyricus and his mother St. Julitta) that once existed there. The first archaeological survey on the island was conducted in 1904 by the French consul and scholar L. Degrand. The results from the excavations were never published and many precious artefacts from Archaic and Classical Greek period found there were transported to France and exhibited in the Louvre. For approximately 100 years after that the territory of St. Kirik Island was used as a military zone by the Bulgarian Ministry of Defence. In 2005 the island was demilitarized and in 2009 the Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team lead by Dr. Krastina Panayotova restarted the excavations. For the last five years the team unearthed there:
The great discovery convinced the Bulgarian Government to declare the island a cultural heritage site and designate some of the abandoned military buildings to be turned into a Museum of the Marine Civilizations. After the surrounding area is excavated, of course.
The Field School: Season 2014 envisions excavations at the top of the island, in the area of the Archaic and Classical Greek and Hellenistic temples, Ancient Greek Copper Foundry and the Early Christian basilica, where the excavations in 2012 and 2013 took place. The results from the last two seasons were quite exciting and included:
Come and help the project team to reveal the secrets of the forgotten temple of Apollo! The project sessions available in 2014 include the following three modules: 1. fieldwork including excavation, maintaining a field journal on a daily basis, filling out context sheets and labels, drawing elevation plans/ ground plans/ cross-sections, 3D positioning of finds, taking coordinates with a level device, and taking photographs at the site; 2. lectures, workshops and field trainings in Classical and Field Archaeology, finds' processing and documentation (including pottery drawing, cleaning, sorting, conservation and restoration of artifacts) and 3. excursions to archaeological and cultural sites in Sozopol and Nesebar (UNESCO World Heritage Site) as well as to some beautiful Black sea beaches and popular resorts (refer to the Course Program and Agenda!).
The participants who join either the three-week session (3) or the two project sessions (1&2) will be able to develop further their skills and competences regarding the archaeological field work and finds' processing, gained during the first two-week session and to attend a number of extra lectures and workshops for analyzing, recording and illustration of archaeological artifacts (esp. Ancient Greek pottery) and to join an excursion to the megalithic complex of Begliktash and the beach nearby.
Only the participants who join the two project sessions (1&2) will take part in the workshop for conservation and restoration of pottery.
After the field school the participants could join the optional 5-day trip to Istanbul, Turkey.
All participants will receive:
Collaborative Universities & Institutions: the Balkan Heritage Foundation, Apollonia Pontica Excavation Team, Archaeological Museum of Sozopol, New Bulgarian University (Bulgaria).
Dig Director: Ass. Prof. Krastina Panayotova, PhD in Archaeology, Department of Classical Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
Deputy Dig Director and Chief Instructor: Teodora Bogdanova, PhD student, Department of Classical Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
Project Coordinator: Nayden Prahov, PhD in Archaeology, Program Director of the Balkan Heritage Foundation and Expert Archaeologist at the National Centre of Underwater Archaeology, Ministry of Culture.
Instructors, Trainers and Area Supervisors:
Lectures (L), Workshops (W), Guided Tours (GT) and Field Instructions & Trainings (FIT):
Only for students in the two project sessions (1&2)
ACCOMMODATION AND FREE TIME
Free time: Guided visits of Sozopol and Nesebar (UNESCO World Heritage Site) including their archaeological museums will be organized for all field school participants. Participants in session 3 and the two project sessions (1&2) will visit also the megalithic complex of Begliktash and the beach nearby. The above mentioned trips are covered by the admission fee. During the summer Sozopol offers a lot of opportunities for sports and entertainment. Possible leisure activities during the siesta and days off in and around Sozopol are: swimming, sunbathing, beach sports including surfing, visiting local beaches and tourist (natural and heritage) sites, scuba diving, fishing, sailing & boating, attending cultural events and concerts, seeing movies in an outdoor cinema or just shopping.
Extra trips and excursions: The BHFS participants could take advantage of their stay in the Balkans and take trips to some worth seeing historical sites and towns nearby. The BHFS encourages participants in the current project to join after the field school the optional 5-day excursion to Istanbul, Turkey (340 km/ 215 mi from Sozopol) organized by GG Holidays (Bulgarian travel agency) only for project participants for an extra fee of 650 EUR. Look-up at other suggested travel ideas before/after the field school!
THE ADMISSION FEE
EARLY REGISTRATION BY MARCH 31st, 2014:
The Early bird admission fee for either session 1 or session 2 is 1259 EUR* (app.1599 USD Check current exchange rates!).
The Early bird admission fee for session 3 is 1889 EUR* (app. 2455 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
The Early bird admission fee for two project sessions (1 & 2) is 2518 EUR* (app. 3229 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
REGISTRATION AFTER MARCH 31st, 2014
The regular admission fee for either session 1 or session 2 is 1399 EUR* (app.1799 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
The regular admission fee for session 3 is 2099 EUR* (app. 2728 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
The regular admission fee for two project sessions (1 & 2) is 2658 EUR* (app. 3419 USD. (Includes 5% discount for participation in 2 sessions). Check current exchange rates!
* All participants who are willing to organize either their food or accommodation or both separately, oustide the project package, will receive a discount of 75 EUR per weeks (for each) and 150 EUR per week (for both) off the regular admission fee! For instance, if Your admission fee for two-week session is 1259 EUR (the Early bird) and you prefer to organize and pay extra for your food and accommodation oustide the project package, your admission fee will be reduced to 959 EUR (1240 USD).
Admission fee transfer options (for further information contact Admissions Office at email@example.com):
DISCOUNTS OFF THE REGULAR ADMISSION FEE:
* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
NOTE, 5% OF EVERY ADMISSION FEE FOR THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS THE BALKAN HERITAGE PROTECTION FUND'S ACTIVITIES!